Understanding Android Permissions: What You Need to Know

Understanding Android Permissions: What You Need to Know

Android permissions are crucial settings that govern how apps can access various features and data on your device. Understanding these permissions helps you manage your privacy and security effectively. Here’s a comprehensive guide to Android permissions:

Types of Android Permissions

  1. Normal Permissions:
    • These permissions allow apps to access data or perform actions that are not considered sensitive or intrusive. They are automatically granted to apps when you install them and do not require explicit user approval.
    • Examples: Accessing network connectivity, accessing the internet, accessing the camera (for older Android versions), etc.
  2. Dangerous Permissions:
    • Dangerous permissions cover sensitive data or features that could potentially affect your privacy or device’s functionality. These permissions must be explicitly granted by the user during app installation or when the app requests them while running.
    • Examples: Accessing contacts, accessing location, accessing microphone, accessing SMS, accessing call logs, accessing storage, etc.

Managing Android Permissions

  1. Permission Groups:
    • Android organizes permissions into groups based on their functionality. Apps that request permissions from the same group typically request them all at once.
    • Example Groups: Calendar, Camera, Contacts, Location, Microphone, Phone, SMS, Storage, etc.
Understanding Android Permissions: What You Need to Know

Understanding Android Permissions: What You Need to Know

  1. Granting and Revoking Permissions:
    • During Installation: When you install an app from the Google Play Store, you are presented with a list of permissions the app requires. You can choose to accept or deny these permissions.
    • After Installation: You can manage permissions for installed apps anytime through the device settings:
      • Go to Settings > Apps & notifications > [App Name] > Permissions.
      • Toggle permissions on or off based on your preferences.
  2. Permissions Overview:
    • Android provides an overview of how apps use permissions over time:
      • Go to Settings > Privacy > Permission manager.
      • View which apps have access to specific permissions and manage them accordingly.

Best Practices for Android Permissions

  1. Review Permissions Regularly:
    • Periodically review permissions granted to apps and revoke those that are no longer necessary or seem excessive.
  2. Install Apps from Trusted Sources:
    • Stick to downloading apps from the Google Play Store or other reputable sources to minimize the risk of installing malicious apps that abuse permissions.
  3. Be Cautious with App Updates:
    • App updates may introduce new permissions. Review these changes before updating apps to ensure they align with your privacy preferences.
  4. Use App Permissions Wisely:
    • Be mindful of granting sensitive permissions. Consider whether an app’s functionality truly requires access to the requested data or features.

Android Permission Changes

  1. Android Versions and Permission Controls:
    • Android versions may introduce changes to how permissions are handled and displayed to users. Stay informed about these changes to make informed decisions.
  2. Scoped Storage (Android 10 and Later):
    • Android 10 introduced scoped storage, which limits apps’ access to shared storage. This enhances security and protects user data.


Understanding Android permissions empowers you to control how apps access your data and device features, enhancing your privacy and security. By managing permissions effectively, reviewing app behaviors, and staying informed about Android updates, you can ensure a safer and more secure experience on your Android device. Always prioritize privacy when granting permissions to apps and regularly audit permissions to maintain control over your digital privacy.